Glaucoma in Dogs: What You Need to Know
What Is Glaucoma in Dogs?
Glaucoma in dogs is a disease that affect the canine’s optic nerve. The pressure is exerted on the eye that causes insufficient drainage of fluid in the eye. If the condition persists without treatment or when it becomes chronic, it will ultimately cause permanent optic nerve damage, and blindness.
Different Types of Glaucoma
There are two types of glaucoma in dogs: primary and secondary. The first type is more due to genetics. The second type is a product of other eye damages.
- Primary – This is hereditary in nature and based on the dog’s genetics. It may involve the physiological and/or physical traits the dog may have been predisposed to, and are due to primary eye disorders like narrowed filtration angles.
- Secondary – This is the type of glaucoma that involves something that prevents eye drainage. This may be triggered by eye trauma, swelling, eye injury, eye wounds, or inflammation. A dog’s secondary glaucoma may also be due to tumor, eye infection, cataract, cancer of the eye, and retinal detachment. This is the more common type affecting dogs.
It is important to first know the glaucoma type affecting your dog. This way, proper procedures and medication may be provided to your dog.
How to Prevent Glaucoma in Dogs
Because of its hereditary or genetic nature, it is impossible to prevent primary glaucoma. However, the progression of the disease can be controlled if you use appropriate treatments for managing the disease. On the other hand, secondary glaucoma can be prevented through the following ways:
- Always keeping your under your watch.
- Immediately providing treatment for eye infection and inflammation.
- Avoiding sharp materials that may cause eye injuries.
- Keeping your dog’s living quarters clean and free from dust.
- Not exposing your dog to chemicals that may damage the eyes.
- Regularly visiting your vet for your dog’s check-up and lab tests.
Symptoms of Glaucoma in Dogs
Glaucoma can cause a lot of pain and stress to dogs. However, they can’t clearly express themselves to tell you how much discomfort they feel. When a dog rubs its eye continuously with its paw, it may be an indication of eye pain. Likewise, you need to watch out for these symptoms that may be tell-tale signs that your dog may be suffering from glaucoma:
- Frequent blinking
- Cloudiness in the white of the eye or sclera
- Reddening in the blood vessels of 1 or both eyes
- Loss of appetite
- Loss of vision
- Enlargement of the eyeball
- No pupil constriction even when hit by light
- Weakness and paleness
- Sudden behavioral changes
Dog Glaucoma Natural Home Remedies
Considered as a medical emergency, early detection and the right treatment of dog glaucoma can result in an efficient solution to the problem. Treatments are primarily for pain management, drainage of excess fluid, and reduction of aqueous oozing.
However, if you prefer using home remedies and natural treatments, the following are proven to help:
- Carrots – The root crop contains large amounts of beta-carotene, which is essential in retaining the retina’s visual pigments. It also helps protect the eye-building cells. Add carrots into your dog’s diet by adding grated carrot to meals. Add a tsp. for every 10 lbs. of your dog’s body weight.
- Dandelion – A dose of Vitamin C daily can boost your dog’s immune system. The dandelion plant is the best source of your dog’s ascorbic acid. It can be made into a tea. Dry the plant and add an ounce of the dried herb into 8 ounces of water. Allow it to cool down, then give your dog 1/3 cup for every 20 lbs. of body weight, 3x a day. You can likewise mix a teaspoon of powdered dandelion to your dog’s meals.
- Rosemary, Bilberry, & Burdock Herbs – The herbs are known to work best for glaucoma. Bilberry is popularly called the vision herb as its active nutrients are known to provide lots of benefits for good vision and eye health. Burdock and Rosemary, on the other hand provide a rich source of antioxidants that help boost eye health. The 3 herbs can be used as tea. They can likewise be applied as eyewash. Just soak the flowers and leaves for 1 to 2 hrs. in a liter of clean water. Use the mixture for washing the dog’s eyes.
- Proper Stress Management – Known to be extremely harmful for a dog’s health. Excessive stress can weaken your dog’s immune system and make it prone to various eye ailments. Thus, avoiding dog stress may help prevent glaucoma.
- CBD Oil - In studies conducted by the Experimental Eye Research in 1984, and again in 2014, it was shown that CBD oil helps relieve intraocular pressure (IOP) in various animals, dogs in particular. It is also effective in managing discomfort and pain since it has natural anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties.